Baba Kashi Ram
Baba Kanshi Ram (11 July 1882 – 15 October 1943) was once an Indian poet and activist for independence born in the Indian nation of Himachal Pradesh.
At the age of seven, he married Sarasvati Devi who, at that time, was once simply 5 years old. He persevered his research in the neighbouring village. Soon, he misplaced each of his parents, and at the age of thirteen, relocated to Lahore in search of work.
It used to be right here that he first met many modern activists, together with Lala Lajpat Rai, Lala Hardayal, Sardar Ajit Singh and Maulavi Barkatullah. Kangra Valley used to be hit by using a Kangra earthquake in 1905. Kanshi Ram took a lively section in a crew led with the aid of Lala Lajpat Rai. Later, in 1911, attended the Delhi Durbar. The turning factor for him got here in 1919 when the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occurred, whilst he used to be in Amritsar. After this incident, he lowers back domestic to Kangra and started out spreading Mahatma Gandhi’s message via his poetry and songs in the Pahari languages. He used to be first arrested on 5 May 1920 and spent the following two years in Dharamshala detention centre alongside with Lala Lajpat Rai. He used to be launched on eleven November 1922. He was once more arrested whilst reciting self-composed poems at a gathering in Palampur. He has once arrested eleven instances and spent 9 years in a number jails. He persisted writing poetry in opposition to the British administration in jail.
Bharat Maan jo azad karane tayeen
Maavaan de putra chade Fansiya
Hanse-Hansde Azadi Ne Nare Laee The title Pahari Gandhi was once given to him by way of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at a rally in Hoshiarpur in 1937.
The loss of life sentences surpassed out to Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev in 1931 had an exceptional affect him. He vowed to put on black garments until India carried out its independence. He adhered to his vow till he died on 15 October 1943 and got here to be regarded affectionately as the Siahposh General (General in Black).
Baba Kanshi Ram used his poetry to protest towards the British Raj. His verses landed him in penitentiary several times. An anthology of five hundred of his poems, eight quick memories and a novelette masking several subjects, along with metaphysics, mysticism, romance and hardships of farmers in Himachal Pradesh.
Some of his poems are:
Angrez Sarkar Da Tigha Par Dhiare (“The British Government is on Her Last Legs”)
Samaj nee Roya (“Society, Do Not Shed Tears”)
Nikke, nikke mahnua jo dukh bara bhari (“Great Sorrows of Small People”)
Ujari kangre des Jana (“Kangra will be Destroyed”)Mera suneha bhukhyan nangiyan yo (“My Call to the Hungry and Poor”)
Na Kar gallan munuan Kanne Jaane diyan (“Oh Lad, Do Not Talk about Going Together”)
Kanshi ra suneha (“Call from Kanshi”)
He used to be conferred the title of Bulbul-e-Pahar (Nightingale of the hills) by way of Sarojini Naidu, who used to be herself referred to as the Nightingale of India.
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