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Maruthanayagam Pillai alias Muhammad Yusuf Khan

Maruthanayagam Pillai

Maruthanayagam Pillai alias Muhammad Yusuf Khan, a navy genius with British, who later went towards them to set up his personal rule in Madurai, is a folks hero in Tamil Nadu, India. He is acclaimed as one of the greatest army leaders of the pre-Independence era, the different being Hyder Ali of Mysore.

The missionary Robert Caldwell noted Yusuf Khan in his book, “His complete administration denoted vigour and effect. His justice was once unquestioned, his phrase unalterable; his measures have been fortunately blended and firmly executed, the respondent had no refuge from punishment.”. It concludes through announcing that ‘wisdom, vigour, and integrity, of no local weather or complexion, have surpassed his.”

Kansa Mettu street, the deviated identify of Khan Sahib Mettu street close to Meenakshi Amman temple, is an avenue named after this navy genius. Muhammad Yusuf’s house is believed to have stood right here and it was once right here the place he used to be captured treacherously and hung. It is stated that his physique used to be mutilated after his demise and his physique components have been despatched to a variety of locations to instil concern amongst the public.

Born in 1725 as Maruthanayagam Pillai in Saiva Vellalar neighbourhood at Panaiyur in Ramanathapuram district, he abandoned his residence at a younger age and left to Puducherry. There, he tried his palms in menial jobs to make a living. He additionally transformed to Islam for the duration of this duration and was once named Muhammad Yusuf Khan. He was once popularly regarded as Khan Sahib when he grew to be a ruler of Madurai.

According to scholars, initially, Yusuf Khan joined Tanjore navy as a foot soldier. Quickly he received greater ranks and moved to Nellore the place he used to be referred to as Nellore Subedar in English records. Trained beneath Major Stringer Lawrence, Yusuf Khan had reached the zenith of his profession as a fantastic navy commandant by way of 1760. Later, he was once despatched to Madurai in 1756, after the fall of Nayak rule in Madurai, to accumulate taxes as the representatives of Arcot Nawab had been inefficient in doing so.

But rapidly afterwards, he disputed with Arcot Nawabs and his British superiors to set up his personal rule in Madurai. Yusuf Khan additionally managed to suppress the disgusting Poligar kings. Experts right here say that a number of components of Madurai flourished below his rule. He bought water our bodies repaired for agriculture and supplied safety for merchants and fortified Madurai city. Yusuf Khan used to be hanged in the yr 1764 after a duration of the quick rule in Madurai.

“He would have remained invincible if he was once now not captured with the aid of treachery. It is believed that he used to be hung on Kansa Mettu Street the place his dwelling was once present. His physique used to be mutilated into quite a few portions and the torso used to be buried in Sammatipuram, in the outskirts of Madurai,” stated C Santhalingam, an archaeology pupil in Madurai.

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